What are the key points for checking English grammar in academic English writing? - iWorld Learning

What are the key points for checking English grammar in academic English writing?

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What are the key points for checking English grammar in academic English writing?

In academic writing, ensuring grammatical accuracy is paramount to convey ideas effectively and maintain credibility. Here are some key points for English grammar check in academic writing:

  1. Subject-Verb Agreement: One of the fundamental aspects of English grammar is ensuring agreement between subjects and verbs. Singular subjects require singular verbs, and plural subjects require plural verbs. For example, “The data support the conclusion” (plural subject) and “The researcher presents his findings” (singular subject).
  2. Verb Tenses: Maintain consistency in verb tenses throughout the text. Choose appropriate tenses based on the context and timeframe of the action. For example, use the present tense for general truths and the past tense for completed actions in the past.
  3. Sentence Structure: Vary sentence structures to avoid monotony and enhance readability. Mix simple, compound, and complex sentences to maintain the reader’s interest. Ensure that each sentence has a clear subject, verb, and object.
  4. Pronoun Usage: Be cautious with pronoun usage to prevent ambiguity and ensure clarity. Pronouns should agree in number and gender with their antecedents. Avoid using pronouns without clear referents.
  5. Parallelism: Maintain parallel structure in lists, series, and comparisons. Parallelism enhances coherence and readability. For instance, “She enjoys hiking, swimming, and to ride bicycles” should be corrected to “She enjoys hiking, swimming, and riding bicycles.”
  6. Modifier Placement: Place modifiers correctly to ensure they modify the intended words or phrases. Misplaced modifiers can lead to confusion or alter the intended meaning of sentences.
  7. Punctuation: Use punctuation marks accurately to signal sentence boundaries, clarify meaning, and guide readers. Pay attention to commas, semicolons, colons, dashes, and parentheses.
  8. Article Usage: Understand the differences between definite (the), indefinite (a/an), and zero articles. Use articles appropriately based on whether the noun is specific or nonspecific.
  9. Sentence Fragments and Run-On Sentences: Check for sentence fragments (incomplete sentences) and run-on sentences (two or more independent clauses improperly joined). Correct them to enhance clarity and coherence.
  10. Passive Voice: While passive voice is acceptable in certain contexts, prefer active voice for clarity and directness. Active voice typically makes writing more engaging and easier to understand.
  11. Consistent Style and Formatting: Follow a consistent style guide (e.g., APA, MLA) for formatting citations, references, headings, and other elements of academic writing. Consistency enhances professionalism and credibility.
  12. Proofreading and Editing: Finally, proofread and edit your work meticulously to catch any remaining grammatical errors or typos. Consider reading your writing aloud or asking a colleague to review it for additional feedback.

In summary, attention to English grammar is essential for effective academic writing. By incorporating these key points into your writing process and conducting thorough grammar checks, you can produce polished and professional academic texts.

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